"This is a step in the right direction," said Malina Enlund from the anti-trafficking group A21, which has partnered with Thai authorities on the campaign since mid-2017. • Inspect employment locations in border regions with workers employed under border-employment arrangements for trafficking. Only victims who received permission to work outside shelters could leave the shelter on a regular basis for work. In collaboration with a foreign government, the government published a handbook for social workers to streamline the reintegration process for Thai victims. As a sector, we must do everything in our power to help eradicate the problem so that people may move freely and safely … Labor inspectors screened migrant workers for trafficking during inspections and were required to refer all potential trafficking victims to MDTs for formal identification and service referral. At Thai airports, banners greet visitors with warnings that human trafficking could "destroy" the country. These efforts included identifying more victims, sentencing convicted traffickers and complicit officials to significant prison terms, developing several manuals in partnership with civil society to standardize anti-trafficking trainings and policies. Labor and sex traffickers exploit women, men, LGBTI individuals, and children from Thailand, other Southeast Asian countries, Sri Lanka, Russia, Uzbekistan, and some African countries in Thailand. The government provided approximately 2.4 million baht ($74,190) for witness protection services for 15 witnesses in trafficking cases in 2018, compared to 4.3 million baht ($132,920) for 52 witnesses in 2017. The government trained law enforcement officials, labor inspectors, interpreters, and MSDHS staff on victim identification and interview techniques and trauma informed care, sometimes in cooperation with NGOs. But it has also come under the international spotlight in recent years over what rights groups describe as widespread human trafficking, including women forced into selling sex and fishermen trapped in conditions akin to modern slavery. The government could only provide temporary assistance to potential victims for up to eight days, and formal identification by MDTs was necessary for victims to obtain a legal right to services. The Command Center for Combatting Illegal Fishing (CCCIF), led by the Royal Thai Navy, operated 32 port-in port-out (PIPO) centers and 19 additional forward inspection points, which performed inspections to verify whether fishing vessels were operating legally. The Royal Ordinance on Management of Migrant Workers, which took effect in March 2018, required employers to provide workers a copy of their employment contracts and to cover costs (excluding personal expenses such as passports, medical checks, and work permits) associated with bringing migrant workers to Thailand and back to their home countries when employment ends, such as recruitment fees and transportation costs. The government opened two new post-arrival and reintegration centers (five total) that assisted migrant workers who entered Thailand through the MOU process by providing information on labor rights, Thai culture, employment contracts, trafficking awareness, and complaint mechanisms; in 2018, 442,736 migrant workers received assistance at these centers. Thailand’s Central Investigation Bureau (CIB) commissioner, Torsak Sukwimol, said at a press conference that 12 people were arrested in connection to a human trafficking ring. The government operated specialized anti-trafficking divisions within the Bangkok Criminal Court, office of the attorney general (OAG), and the Royal Thai Police (RTP). Thank you for subscribing our enewsletter. The Government of Thailand does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Some government officials profit from bribes and direct involvement in extortion from and exploitation of migrants. • Ensure government and NGO-run shelters provide victims with adequate trauma-informed care, including legal assistance and psychological care. Through government-to-government formal migration channels, the government assisted 28,820 Thais to obtain employment abroad in 2018, including by providing job placement assistance. The government maintained law enforcement efforts. It also required employers to pay salaries at least once per month through electronic deposits and to share catch profits. The government coordinated with these service centers to provide heath checks, collect biometric and personal data, and issue work permits to 1,187,803 workers in 2018. These … An official website of the United States government, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the U.S. Consequently, before they were physically or psychologically prepared to undergo the MDT identification process, victims frequently sought temporary care from NGOs, rather than government agencies. Thai-based brokers and employers administer additional fees after arrival—in some cases causing debt bondage. • Increase the ability of victims, especially adults, to move freely in and out of shelters and access communication devices. To discourage child sex tourism, the government coordinated with foreign governments to deny entry to known sex offenders, and produced and displayed a video discouraging child sex tourism in Thai airports and on Thai airline flights. The Human Trafficking Criminal Procedures Act allowed judges to award compensation or restitution to victims, including in the absence of a victim request for these funds. 2551 (2008) designates the MSDHS as the govern-ment agency responsible for assisting victims of human trafficking. Labor inspectors working in PIPO teams verified crew lists using biometric data and worker interviews. Prostitution flourished especially after the abolishment of slavery in 1905 as former slave wives under the feudal system found themselves alone and without financial support. Some NGOs’ perceptions of high levels of corruption made them reluctant to work with the government or certain agencies in some cases. About 45 minutes outside of Pattaya, past shanties and roadside stalls selling mangos, I arrive at the Anti-Human Trafficking and Child Abuse Center. Specifically, the paper looks at one form of human trafficking, the global sex industry and the relationship between sex trafficking and sex tourism. According to UNHCR, the UN’s refugee agency, as of 2013 there were at least three million migrant workers in … The government increased efforts to protect victims. In addition, the Thai Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force (TICAC) investigated 19 cases of internet-facilitated child sex trafficking (18 in 2017). For the first time, MOL referred suspected cases of labor trafficking to MDTs, resulting in the identification of six labor trafficking victims in 2018. Commissioner, Torsak said the raid was led by the commander of the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Division, […] Traffickers exploit some migrants in labor trafficking often through debt-based coercion and fraudulent promises of well-paid employment; brokers and other recruitment agencies impose excessive fees on workers before they arrive in Thailand. In one case, the RTP coordinated with Cambodian authorities to bring 15 repatriated Cambodian victims to a Thai border provincial court to provide video testimony. The government utilized administrative punishments against some suspected complicit officials, such as suspensions or transfers to new positions, rather than subjecting them to criminal prosecutions; the government expelled seven officials suspected of complicity from government service in 2018 but only reported initiating prosecutions against three. • Increase potential victims’ access to government services before they are formally identified by multidisciplinary teams. This negative image has been widely and wildly publicised through the impact of global media. The 400 staff at Shiva hotels — from receptionists to human resources staff to cleaners — will be trained as part of a company-wide campaign to […] Adult guests who check in with a child, repeat cash bookings, or late check-ins without luggage could all be signs of modern slavery under guidance newly issued to staff at a British hotel chain. This included handbooks for police and prosecutors to guide the investigation and prosecution of trafficking cases. PIPO centers conducted 78,623 inspections in 2018 and found 511 vessels operating in violation of the law. Migrants from neighboring countries make up a large portion of identified trafficked persons in Thailand. MSDHS reported it assigned social workers to maintain contact with victims for at least one year after their reintegration. BANGKOK — Thailand continues to be a major center of global sex trafficking rings that extend to countries as far flung as Japan, Morocco and Germany, a … Thailand has also entered into regional agreements against human trafficking, ... 's 2005 documentary travelogue The Butterfly Trap provides a realistic and non-judgmental first person viewpoint of sex tourism in Thailand. During the reporting period, the RTP announced it would no longer accept female cadets into its academy, which may result in a decrease in gender diversity in the police force and negatively affect anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts. The government reported investigating only 43 cases of forced labor—including six cases of trafficking in the fishing sector—compared to 47 in 2017 and 83 in 2016. Some government officials are directly complicit in trafficking crimes, including through accepting bribes or loans from business owners and brothels that exploit victims. Civil society organizations noted inconsistent interview practices, inspections conducted without interpreters, and inspection practices that enabled owners, captains, or brokers to determine which workers reported exploitation to inspectors, thereby deterring workers from revealing information due to fears of retaliation. Authorities assisted in repatriating 201 foreign victims exploited in Thailand (111 in 2017) and facilitated the return of 103 Thais exploited abroad (45 in 2017) by providing funding for travel expenses, legal assistance, job placement, and other reintegration services. The Prime Minister oversaw the government’s anti-trafficking efforts through the Supervisory Policy Committee on Addressing Trafficking in Persons and Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing. PHUKET, Thailand-- Thailand's sex tourism industry is primarily driven by acute poverty. • Support the development of victim-centric and trauma-informed approaches among judges overseeing trafficking cases. MSDHS and MOL operated hotlines with operators fluent in 12 foreign languages. are about 300 trafficking victims in Thailand per year.3 Between 2003 and 2008, statistics show that around 130 people from Thailand’s hilltribe have been rescued from human traffickers. Additionally, Mexico is considered both a country of origin for many victims and a transiting country into the United States, with an estimated 5,000 children and women being brought into the United States each year [15,16]. MOL officers screened the travel documents of departing Thai workers at border checkpoints and denied their departure if they deemed the documentation suspicious. More Pressure Needed on Myanmar to Take Back Rohingya: Bangladeshi PM. Thai law permitted recruitment agencies to charge recruitment fees to Thais seeking overseas employment and excessive fees incurred by some workers made them vulnerable to debt bondage or other exploitative conditions. The government identified and assisted 334 beggars but reported identifying only two as victims of trafficking; NGOs reported a lack of government efforts to assist children selling items on the street who were vulnerable to exploitation. Abuses are rampant in Thailand's fishing industry despite promises of reform. Photo courtesy of Dorthea Shultz and Shear Love International It is also a hotbed of human trafficking and abuse. However, many more victims from neighboring countries are not identified. Laurea-ammattikorkeakoulu Tiivistelmä Kerava Tourism Reetta Aliina Heikkinen Human Trafficking and Tourism Case: Thailand in the Media Vuosi 2015 Sivumäärä 45 Tämä opinnäytetyö on arvioitu ja julkaistu Toukokuussa 2015. Doch ich realisiere, dass nicht unsere Tür aufgeschlossen wird sondern die zum Nebenzimmer. Traffickers subject Thai nationals to forced labor and sex trafficking in Thailand and in countries in North America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Legal advocates and NGOs reported traffickers rarely paid compensation and restitution orders, thus discouraging other victims from cooperating in prosecutions. Observers reported MDTs were sometimes reluctant to make identifications unless a case was likely to result in a successful prosecution. Labor inspectors, for the first time, identified and referred potential victims to multidisciplinary teams, resulting in the identification of labor trafficking victims. In 2018, the government conducted 259 labor inspections at on-land seafood processing workplaces and found 88 cases of labor law violations. MSDHS introduced the use of victim impact statements in courts to assist in obtaining compensation and in 2018 six victims filed statements. In 2018, the government provided 6.15 million baht ($190,110) to trafficking victims from its anti-trafficking fund, compared to 5.6 million baht ($173,110) in 2017. In addition, some judges lacked sufficient understanding of trauma-informed care, which resulted in harmful treatment of victims during court proceedings. Credible reports indicate some corrupt officials protect brothels, other commercial sex venues, and fishing vessel owners from raids and inspections and collude with traffickers. “Human trafficking is a devastating, widespread and critical issue that unfortunately relies on travel and tourism networks to operate. According to the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, Thailand is a “top destination for victims of human trafficking.” The majority of Thailand’s trafficking victims are voluntary economic migrants from countries like Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and China.They come only for the promise of a good job. Our Fight For Press Freedom . The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking. The government allocated 3.6 million baht ($111,280) to TATIP and 11.84 million ($366,000) to TICAC, compared to 9 million baht ($278,210) allocated to TICAC in 2017. In addition, MSDHS signed MOUs with relevant government agencies to improve the execution of court orders for offenders to pay compensation and restitution. This paper aims to explore the dark side of the relationship between gender, mobility, migration and tourism. TIMELINE: China-Myanmar Relations. The Ministerial Regulation on Labor Protection for Sea Fishers, which took effect in April 2018, required Thai vessels operating outside Thai waters to provide messaging data to workers for communicating with government agencies and personal contacts. The law protected victims from prosecution for unlawful acts their traffickers compelled them to commit; however, flaws in the government’s implementation of victim identification procedures increased the risk of authorities penalizing victims, including for prostitution and immigration violations. Thailand is world renowned for its tourist industry. These are named “Welfare Protection Centers for Victims Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Thailand is a source, transit and destination country for human trafficking12. Perpetrators will be severely punished,” it says, followed by a hotline number for people to report cases. CCCIF implemented a system to inspect vessels based on risk assessments and reported it inspected all vessels placed in the “high-risk” category, as well as a percentage of medium- and low-risk vessels. Disneyland opens mass Covid vaccination center, THA: Let inoculated tourists visit without quarantine. From airports to shopping malls, the country is ramping up a campaign targeting tourists in its latest effort to keep the country free from human trafficking, as officials eye better international ratings. Observers reported the capacity of some provincial labor inspectors to identify potential victims improved. "Therefore we hope the situation in Thailand will be better, and it will be recognised by the international community.". Eyeing a better ranking, the government has vowed a clean-up. The Thailand Anti-Trafficking in Persons Task Force (TATIP), which specialized in investigating complex cases and comprised law enforcement, social workers, and NGOs, investigated 29 cases in 2018, resulting in the prosecution of 69 offenders. The Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission referred seven officials to prosecutors, of which the government initiated four prosecutions. Undocumented foreign victims of trafficking were required to remain in shelters while the government processed applications for permits to stay and work in Thailand. Improve the capacity of law enforcement to proactively prosecute and convict labor traffickers and identify labor trafficking victims. Section 33 of Thailand’s Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, B.E. Da ich jetzt wach bin, höre ich jedes Wort der Unterhaltung: „Do want to have a drink?“, „No, thanks“, „Okay, than take your clothes off“. A UN report found the median monthly wage for seasonal agricultural workers was 6,000 baht ($185), which was below the minimum wage in Thailand, which ranged from 8,008-8,580 baht ($248-$265) per month. Most victims of human trafficking in Thailand are, in fact, of Thai nationality – The majority of trafficking victims identified in Thailand are Thai nationals, trafficked both domestically and internationally. Children from Thailand, Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are victims of sex trafficking in brothels, massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and private residences. In 2018, the anti-money laundering office (AMLO) issued restraint and seizure orders for assets worth more than 509 million baht ($15.73 million) in trafficking cases, compared to 14 million baht ($432,770) in 2017. The government employed 84 language coordinators (74 in 2017) and 69 interpreters (74 in 2017) in 2018. As recently as 2015, there were reports of separatist groups in southern Thailand recruiting and using children to commit acts of arson or serve as scouts. The government required fishing vessels operating in Thai waters to return to ports every 30 days and strictly regulated long-haul Thai-flagged vessels from operating in international waters. The government restricted the movement and communication of victims residing in government shelters, official complicity continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts, and officials did not consistently identify cases of trafficking, especially labor trafficking. Jordan Clark's 2005 documentary Falang: Behind Bangkok's Smile takes a rather critical view of sex tourism in Thailand. Such practices deterred victims and advocates from reporting abuses to authorities. Children from Thailand, Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are victims of sex trafficking in brothels, massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and private residences. Some victims continued to report reluctance to participate in prosecutions due to fears of detention and extended shelter stays, fears of experiencing retaliation from traffickers, and language barriers. The government made efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. Corruption and official complicity facilitated trafficking and continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts. 3,598 cases of human trafficking reported to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center . The Southeast Asian nation is consistently ranked as one of the world's best tourists destinations. In shopping malls, cinemas and train stations across the capital, Bangkok, videos show visitors how to look out for signs of human trafficking. Nonetheless, officials did not adequately identify victims of trafficking and anecdotal reports suggested some provincial government officials were hesitant to identify them due to fears of public shame that trafficking occurred in their provinces. 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